Challenging White Dominant Culture: Time to Look in the Mirror

Lupe Poblano

What can you do when diversity efforts fall short within your organization? In this fiery opinion piece, CompassPoint Project Director Lupe Poblano challenges readers—white and people of color—to confront white dominant culture within your nonprofit as the best way to move your organization toward equity. Lupe also provides practical, real suggestions on steps you can take to initiate change.


Let me know if you’ve heard this one lately. Perhaps you are a part of a direct-service nonprofit that has a white dominant leadership structureboth demographically and culturallydespite the fact that most of the organization’s program work happens in black and brown communities. At some point, the white dominant leadership structure realizes, or has it pointed out to them, that “diversity” should be on their radar. The individuals within the leadership structure can’t fully articulate why having more people of color (POC) on the board or management team is important beyond the fact that it sounds good in theory and it looks bad in reality not to have more of it. 

I mean, we’re in the Bay Area, right? On a nonprofit board of twenty, can’t we get more than one or two Latinxs on the board? And how is it that we have only one black or brown person on our eight-person management team? 

When Well-Intentioned Efforts for Diversity Fall Short

The nonprofit makes some well-intentioned efforts. There’s lots of talk about recruitment, outreach, in-reach, and HR best practices. And yet, the efforts are predictably fruitless. Almost every time a position becomes available on the board or management team, the organization fills it with a white person—usually a well-educated, upper-to-middle-class white person. Besides reading a bunch of New York Times and Harvard Business Review articles on implicit bias, the white dominant leadership structure can’t figure out why attracting POCs into the leadership structure is proving so difficult. 

My personal response to this quandary, as a POC, is pretty direct: you’ve got your head up your rear end on this. Instead of worrying about technical fixes to attract more POC into leadership positions, you need to focus your attention on the white people who currently hold power in your white dominant organization. In other words: before attempting the safe quick fixes to manufacture “diversity,” you might want to start by getting different white people. 

Calling Out a White Dominant Culture

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In order to create an environment where I, or other POC, are not tokenized in a leadership position, marginalized, or asked to be the “bridge” to communities of color (and the mostly POC program staff), I need a certain type of white person to share leadership with me. I need white people who spend a lot of time thinking about their own privilege, both individually and collectively. I also need a white board chair or white positional leader who will call other white leaders out on their white privilege, in the moment, to interrupt oppression as it happens. For instance, raise your hand if you’ve ever witnessed a POC program manager or director giving a report at a board meeting, only to have her or his story interrupted multiple times by white board members who think they know better. And raise your other hand if you’ve witnessed a POC staff member attempting to facilitate an internal meeting and soon facing a covert power struggle from white positional leaders over how the meeting is run. That’s privilegethat’s how it can show up, and that sh*t needs to be shut down before you think about adding more POC.  

Furthermore, there needs to be organizational norms for how to name and deal with white fragility when it comes up (and believe me, it will and already does) during meetings and conversations. If the words white privilege or white fragility have never been uttered at any of your board or management team meetings, I can easily connect that data point with your organization’s inability to attract more POCs onto your boards and leadership teams.  

Shifting the Power Paradigm

The second place to examine is your organization’s culture, and this is where both the POCs and white people who occupy structural leadership positions have a significant role to play. Hiring POC and asking them to conform to the dominant culturethe culture which usually does not value POC leadership traitsperpetuates inequity. Dominant culture tends to protect the institution (through HR policies and procedures and habits around financial transparency) that protect the status quo power structure. Generally speaking, dominant culture tends to focus on the individual, whereas communities of color are inclined to respect collective action. Dominant culture has a bias for productivity and efficiency; while many POCs come from cultures that value the whole person. Dominant culture elevates the formal written word and abstract thought as demonstrations of intelligence, which can marginalize POC who cannot (or choose not to) conform to this standard. 

Without the above changes in existing personnel and culture, a white dominant leadership structure will never truly change, even if there are a few token POC additions to staff. Organizations that genuinely want profound change need to look in the mirror and not out the window. They need to do better than simply bring more POC into the leadership frame: the organization needs to begin centering leadership on POC. To do that effectively, individuals (both POC and whites) within white dominant leadership structure need to change the people already on the bus and transform the staff/board culture. 

ColorLeaf

Additionally, there is a roleand an opportunity to look into the mirrorfor us POC who currently occupy positions of leadership within some of the white dominant leadership structures. Our identities as POC do not prevent us from marginalizing each other. It is not our role to be the gatekeepers who decide to include or exclude others, and we have a role in interrupting oppression when we see it.

There are a few questions that help me examine my relationship to the power I have within these systems: what are the ways in which we as POC are invested in the dominant structures? How much power do these structures give us and why? And how do we share (or not share) that power with those who do not conform to the dominant culture? And what does that say about us? Specificallywhat does that say about me?

In the end, if your board or management team has about the same number of POCs as a Tea Party meeting, it’s time to fundamentally change the way you do things. ALL leaders in the organization need to develop a critical analysis on race, class, power, and privilege. White leaders (and yes, even those on the board) need to locate their own cultural whiteness and become aware of how their internalized superiority shows up and how it negatively impacts POC inside their own organization. And we POC leaders should examine our internalized oppression and the ways we have conformed (or become invested in) the dominant leadership culture. Put bluntly, don’t seek to hire a few more POC and expect them to change you. You, leaders within the white dominant leadership structure, need to be willing to change you first

If you take an honest look in the mirror and don’t like what you see, then you’ve got some work to do. Miss me with that. 


Lupe Poblano, MS, is a Project Director at CompassPoint. Most recently Lupe served as the Director of Evaluation, Learning, and Strategy at Habitat for Humanity Greater San Francisco. You can reach him by email. Follow him on twitter at @LupePoblano. 

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